Notes

[1] For more detailed information see Margaret Watson Parker: A Collectors Legacy, exh. cat. (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Museum of Art, 1982) and Whistler: Prosaic Views, Poetic Vision , exh. cat. (New York: Thames and Hudson for the University of Michigan Museum of Art, 1994).

[2] Three of those forty pieces are not found in the collection today: 5, 10 and 29 on Mrs. Stratton's December 14, 1937 "Memo of collection of Pewabic Pottery for the University of Michigan from Dr. Walter R. Parker" (Archives of American Art microfilm [AAA], reel 1013, frame 1335).

[3] Among the finest public collections of Pewabic Pottery are the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., the Detroit Institute of Arts, and Albion College, Albion, Michigan.

[4] Although the Pottery's Day Books do not begin until October 8, 1903 (AAA, reel 1013, frame 1390), Caulkins and Perry were located in the carriage house studio at the northeast corner of Alfred and John R. Streets, Detroit, by 1901, as indicated in the Pottery's first guest book. Written inside the front cover in Miss Perry's handwriting is: "People who called at first pottery exhibition on John R. St. -- uncertain date -- from 1901 to 1905" (AAA, reel 1020, frame 1103). The years given in this exhibition for Pewabic Pottery, 1903-1969, are based on those of the Pottery's Day Books. Ella Peters' last Day Book entry on February 28, 1969, reads: "Last page/Ended up just/Right/Good bye/(1969)". Today the Pewabic Society, Inc., maintains a museum, an archive, and a sales outlet and offers exhibitions, workshops, and classes for professional and student ceramists. The building has been designated a National Landmark.

[5] Her parents were George R. and Julia (Dickinson) Watson. Siblings were Julia (Mrs. Slason Thompson) and Janet (Mrs. Joseph Derwin Hubbard).

[6] This introduction happened about 1900; see Freer to Morse, February 6, 1901, Freer Gallery of Art Archive, Freer Letterpress Book, v. 7, p. 303-04. Freer became acquainted with Morse in New York City in February 1897 through fellow collector Howard Mansfield.

[7] For more on the Watson-Freer friendship see John Siewert, "Whistler and Michigan: The Artist, Mr. Freer, and Miss Watson", in Whistler: Prosaic Views, Poetic Vision, 10-23.

[8] Freer's Pewabic tobacco jar was exhibited in the "First Annual Exhibition of Arts and Crafts" held at the Detroit Museum of Art, December 6-20, 1904. This vessel is now in a private collection.

[9] Watson purchased the piece from Miss Marie Nordlinger who was Paris dealer Siegfried Bing's agent in New York City, February 27, 1905, for $500. Nordlinger and Bing were well known to Freer.

[10] Pewabic Pottery Day Book, v. 1, p. 109 (AAA, reel 1013, frame 1446).

[11] The Detroit Society of Arts and Crafts was founded June 26, 1906. Mary Chase Perry, Horace James Caulkins, and William Buck Stratton were among the founding members.

[12] The Fifth & Sixth Annual Report of the Society of Arts and Crafts, Detroit, 1913, 4.

[13] Freer made his gift to the Smithsonian in 1906 after protracted negotiations.

[14] The loan receipt is dated November 9, 1917, and has a handwritten notation, "Returned to Mrs. Parkers Chauffeur 3/17/25" (Detroit Institute of Art, Registrars file); see Detroit Museum of Art Bulletin, v. 12, no. 5, February 1918, 25-27. Freer helped Miss Watson acquire works by Whistler and Tryon.

[15] American Art Association and Anderson Galleries, Inc., Sale Number 3841, The Estate of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, Furnishings & Decorations in the Residence at 1 East 66th Street, New York City, April 22, 1930, catalogue page 11, item 106: "Two Vases. Two-handled vase with marbleized glaze, and one of Han type with iridescent glaze. (Lot.) Heights, 9 1/2 and 11 1/2 inches". Lorch's handwritten notes in the catalogue indicate that the Han type is "Pewabic" and the price for the two was "42.50". Lorch's catalogue is in the University of Michigan Museum of Art Registrar's files. Freer purchased this vessel as a gift for Mrs. Havemeyer on August 12, 1919, for $70.00 through Miss Katharine N. Rhoades (Pewabic Day Book, August 12, 1919, page 76 [AAA, reel 1014, frame 0395]).

[16] Pewabic Day Book, May 30, 1931, page 40 (AAA, reel 1015, frame 0105). Concerning the substitution and subsequent gift to the San Diego Fine Art Gallery, see letter from Mary Chase Stratton to Reginald Poland, May 26, 1941 (AAA, reel 1013, frame 1223).

[17] Both Margaret Watson and Mary Chase Perry were born in 1867, Perry being four months older.

[18] It is not known if Mrs. Stratton selected the group of forty pieces from those owned by the Parkers, or if Dr. Parker selected the objects. While some of Mrs. Parker's gift of Pewabic vessels to the University came directly to the Museum of Art after Dr. Parker's death in 1954, 38 pieces went into the custody of the College of Architecture and Design, arriving there in 1958. These pieces were transferred to the Museum in 1972 as part of a larger transfer of early 20th-century decorative arts material, including decorative and architectural Tiffany glass purchased by Emil Lorch from the Havemeyer sale of 1930 (see note 15).

[19] Mary Chase Perry, "The Pewabic Pottery", undated newspaper clipping, Pewabic Scrapbook (AAA, reel 1011, frame 008).

[20] The exhibition was held February 1-27, 1938. Mary Chase Stratton exhibited ten pieces (nos. 183-192) under her name, and William B. Stratton exhibited three pieces (nos. 193-195) under his name (AAA, reel 1013, frame 1320).

[21] See AAA, reel 1013, frame 1118, for Mrs. Stratton's handwritten list and sketches of vessels sent to the Detroit Institute of Art for consideration, June 4, 1947. Item 4, the "First Iridescent 1906" bowl, is now in the collection of Thomas W. Brunk. Ella J. Peters, Mrs. Stratton's assistant, provided the technical information on the six iridescent glazes.

[22] Mrs. Stratton's handwritten autobiographical manuscript, written in the early 1940s, page 63 (collection of Thomas W. Brunk).

[23] This technical information was provided by Ella J. Peters (1901-1994). In January 1938, Mrs. Stratton hired Ella Peters to help with the management of the Pottery and trained her in ceramic processes. Peters became Mrs. Strattons trusted assistant and confidante. By the early 1950s, Peters was carrying out the bulk of the work based on daily consultation with Mrs. Stratton. Following Mrs. Stratton's death in 1961, Peters continued the Pewabic Pottery until its operation ceased and the books were closed on February 28, 1969. I had the privilege of working with Ella for almost seventeen years. She taught me how to mix glazes and to do reduction firings, first in a Revelation Electric Kiln and later in another type of electric kiln. My work with Ella provided me great insight into Pewabic's glaze and firing processes.

[24] A one-page statement by Mrs. Stratton typed by Ella Peters (collection of Thomas W. Brunk).

[25] The degree was awarded at Ferry Field on May 23, 1930, and the program listed "Mary Chase Perry Stratton, artist, innovator, and craftsman in the field of ceramics" (AAA, reel 1011, frame 0031). See also "Michigan Trophy-Pewabic Vase Chosen by Expert Comes Back to Michigan", Detroit News, May 27, 1930.