Notes


Introduction | The Propaganda Model |The Picture Today| Conclusion | Notes | References

 

i. Jesse Drew, "Media Activism and Radical Democracy," Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information, ed. James Brook and Iain A. Boal (San Francisco, CA: City Lights Books, 1995), 75.

ii. Wilson, Patrick. "First-Hand and Second-Hand Knowledge" and " Cognitive Authority" (Chapters 1 & 2, pp. 1-37) in Second-Hand Knowledge: An Inquiry Into Cognitive Authority, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1983..

1. Herman, Edward S. and Noam Chomsky.Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.

2.Ibid, 2.

3. Ibid, 5.

4. Ibid, 5.

5. Ibid, 10.

.6. Ibid, 13.

7. Ibid., 13.

8.Ibid., 6 (Table 1-1).

9. Accessed online: http://www.forbes.com/ in "Lists" for "Entertainment & Information" industry, 2001 figures.

10. Herbert I. Schiller, "The Global Information Highway: Project for an Ungovernable World; " Jesse Drew, "Media Activism and Radical Democracy;" Howard Besser, "From Internet to Information Superhighway;" Chris Carlsson, "The Shape of Truth to Come: New Media and Knowledge," all in Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information, ed. James Brook and Iain A. Boal, (San Francisco, CA: City Lights Books, 1995); Ronald V. Bettig, Copyrighting Culture: The Political Economy of Intellectual Property (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996).

11. Herman and Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent, 14.

12. Ibid., 16.

13. Schiller, "The Global Information Highway," 22.

14. Besser, "From Internet to Information Superhighway," 64.

15. Herman and Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent, 26.

16. Ibid., 27.

17. Ibid., 30.

18. Ibid, 31.

19. "Ashcroft Defends Antitterror Plan and Says Criticism May Aid Foes," By Neil A. Lewis, The New York Times, December 7, 2001. Accessed online: http://www.nytimes.com/22001/12/07/politics/07CIV.html

20. Bettig, Copyrighting Culture, 36.

21. Chris Carlsson, "The Shape of Truth to Come: New Media and Knowledge," in Resisting the Virtual Life: The Culture and Politics of Information, ed. James Brook and Iain A. Boal (San Francisco, CA: City Lights Books, 1995), 238.

22. See Besser, Drew, and Carlsson in Resisting the Virtual Life, and Bettig, Copyrighting Culture, for extended discussions. Besser, Drew and Carlsson are specifically discussing the encroachment of the National Information Infrastructure versus the Internet. However, I believe there is validity as well even before we reach the complete commodification of information wrought by the asymmetrical bandwidth structure of the NII. Surveys have shown that most people already use the Internet mostly for performing routine visits to a few regular sites, and for making online purchases. The limited choices and profit-oriented decisions of major content providers are working their magic.

23. Carlsson, "The Shape of Truth to Come," 242.

24. Besser discusses flat-fee (current Internet configuration) vs. pay-per-use and the impact on browsing in Resisting the Virtual Life. There is also an excellent article about digital rights management technology and pay-per-use structures in the entertainment information industry: Jeff Howe, "Licensed to Bill," Wired October 2001, 140-149. Also available online: http://www.wired.com:80/wired/archive/9.10/drm.html.

 

Introduction | The Propaganda Model |The Picture Today| Conclusion | Notes | References